About Cancer

Jeffrey S. Litwin, M.D., F.A.C.C.

Questions & Answers A-Z
My biggest symptom was severe sinus inflammation which were so severe that we believed to be migraines for the first few years. New products just came out too. FDA issues guidance encouraging the industry adoption of eSource solutions — which MedAvante has already been developing for five years. Even buying chicken and beef is hard these days bc animals are fed vegetarian diets containing soybeans to bulk them instead of hormone injections.. My day consists of problem solving, revamping processes and motivating a team of hardworking individuals.

Together we will beat cancer

Harmful or Harmless: Soy Lecithin

Delegates to a session are appointed by organizations at a lower level. For example, each local church appoints delegates to a conference session. Within a geographic region, ministers receive roughly equal pay irrespective of the size of their church. The Church Manual [70] gives provisions for each level of government to create educational, healthcare, publishing, and other institutions that are seen within the call of the Great Commission.

The ordained clergy of the Adventist church are known as ministers or pastors. Ministers are neither elected nor employed by the local churches, but instead are appointed by the local Conferences, which assign them responsibility over a single church or group of churches.

Ordination is a formal recognition bestowed upon pastors and elders after usually a number of years of service. In most parts of the world, women may not be given the title "ordained", although some are employed in ministry, and may be "commissioned" or "ordained-commissioned".

A number of lay offices exist within the local church, including the ordained positions of elder and deacon. Elders serve a mainly administrative and pastoral role, but must also be capable of providing religious leadership particularly in the absence of an ordained minister. The role of deacons is to assist in the smooth functioning of a local church and to maintain church property.

Although the church has no written policy forbidding the ordination of women, it has traditionally ordained only men.

In recent years the ordination of women has been the subject of heated debate, especially in North America and Europe. In the Adventist church, candidates for ordination are chosen by local conferences which usually administer about 50— local congregations and approved by unions which serve about 6—12 conferences. The General Conference, the church's world headquarters, claims the right to declare the worldwide qualifications for ordination, including gender requirements.

The General Conference has never stated that ordination of women contravenes the Bible, but the General Conference has requested that no local conference ordain women until all parts of the world church accept the practice. The primary prerequisite for membership in the Adventist church is baptism by immersion.

This, according to the church manual, should occur only after the candidate has undergone proper instruction on what the church believes. As of December 31, , the church has 20,, baptized members. Depending on how the data was measured, it is reported that church membership reached 1 million between and , and grew to five million in At the turn of the 21st century the church had over 10 million members, which grew to over 14 million in , 16 million in , and 19 million in Jeffrey MacDonald, an award-winning religion reporter, and author of Thieves in the Temple, reports that the SDA church is the fastest-growing church in the United States.

The church has been described as "something of an extended family", [79] enjoying close, "two- degrees-of-separation social networks ".

The Biblical Research Institute is the theological research center of the church. White Estate was established in at the death of Ellen White, as specified in her legal will. Its purpose is to act as custodian of her writings, and as of it has 15 board members. White Estate also hosts the official Ellen White website whiteestate. The Geoscience Research Institute , based at Loma Linda University , was founded in to investigate the scientific evidence concerning origins. Started in the late 19th century, Adventist mission work today reaches people in over countries and territories.

Missionary outreach of the Seventh-day Adventist Church is aimed not only at non-Christians but also at Christians from other denominations. Adventists believe that Christ has called his followers in the Great Commission to reach the whole world. Adventists are cautious, however, to ensure that evangelism does not impede or intrude on the basic rights of the individual. Religious liberty is a stance that the Adventist Church supports and promotes.

Globally, the Adventist Church operates 7, schools, colleges and universities, with a total enrollment of more than 1,, and a total teaching staff of approximately 80, The largest in terms of population Seventh-day Adventist university in the world is Northern Caribbean University , located in Mandeville, Jamaica.

Adventists run a large number of hospitals and health-related institutions. Throughout the world, the church runs a wide network of hospitals, clinics, lifestyle centers, and sanitariums. These play a role in the church's health message and worldwide missions outreach.

Adventist Health System is the largest not-for-profit multi-institutional Protestant healthcare system in the United States. It is sponsored by the Seventh-day Adventist Church and cares for over 4 million patients yearly. ADRA works as a non-sectarian relief agency in countries and areas of the world. Worldwide, ADRA employs over 4, people to help provide relief in crises as well as development in situations of poverty.

The church embraces an official commitment to the protection and care of the environment [87] as well as taking action to avoid the dangers of climate change: A reformation of lifestyle is called for, based on respect for nature, restraint in the use of the world's resources, reevaluation of one's needs, and reaffirmation of the dignity of created life.

The Adventist church has been active for over years in promoting freedom of religion for all people regardless of faith. In its leaders founded the International Religious Liberty Association , which is universal and non-sectarian. The Seventh-day Adventist Church State Council serves, primarily through advocacy, to seek protection for religious groups from legislation that may affect their religious practices.

In May , for example, the organization fought to pass legislation that would protect Adventist employees who wish to keep the Sabbath. According to Americans United for the Separation of Church and State, the Seventh-day Adventist Church has, throughout its history, aggressively advocated for the separation of church and state. Adventists have long been proponents of media-based ministries. Traditional Adventist evangelistic efforts consisted of street missions and the distribution of tracts such as The Present Truth , which was published by James White as early as Andrews was sent to Switzerland in , Adventist global efforts consisted entirely of the posting of tracts such as White's to various locations.

In the last century, these efforts have also made use of emerging media such as radio and television. The first of these was H. Richards ' radio show Voice of Prophecy , which was initially broadcast in Los Angeles in Since then Adventists have been on the forefront of media evangelism; It Is Written , founded by George Vandeman , was the first religious program to air on color television and the first major Christian ministry to utilize satellite uplink technology.

Today the Hope Channel , the official television network of the church, operates 8 international channels broadcasting 24 hours a day on cable, satellite, and the Web.

Adventist World Radio was founded in [92] and is the "radio mission arm" of the Seventh-day Adventist Church. A large portion of the ministry's income is derived from membership gifts. SDA evangelists such as Doug Batchelor, Mark Finley and Dwight Nelson have undertaken a number of international satellite-broadcast live evangelistic events, addressing audiences in up to 40 languages simultaneously. Additionally, there exists a range of privately owned media entities representing Adventist beliefs.

In , the Church released their film, Tell the World that churches and institutions to show the film to the public, and for home viewing available on DVD as well as on social media like YouTube. The Adventist Church owns and operates many publishing companies around the world.

Two of the largest are the Pacific Press and Review and Herald publishing associations, both located in the United States. The Review and Herald is headquartered in Hagerstown, Maryland. The official church magazine is the Adventist Review , which has a North American focus. It has a sister magazine Adventist World , which has an international perspective. Another major magazine published by the church is the bimonthly Liberty magazine, which addresses issues pertaining to religious freedom.

The Adventist Church generally opposes the ecumenical movement , although it supports some of the other goals of ecumenism. The General Conference has released an official statement concerning the Adventist position with respect to the ecumenical movement, which contains the following paragraph:.

While not being a member of the World Council of Churches , the Adventist Church has participated in its assemblies in an observer capacity.

The Adventist Church has received criticism along several lines, including what some claim are heterodox doctrines, and in relation to Ellen G. White and her status within the church, and in relation to alleged exclusivist issues.

Critics such as evangelical Anthony Hoekema who felt that Adventists were more in agreement with Arminianism argue that some Adventist doctrines are heterodox. Several teachings which have come under scrutiny are the annihilationist view of hell , the investigative judgment and a related view of the atonement , and the Sabbath; in addition, Hoekema also claims that Adventist doctrine suffers from legalism.

While critics such as Hoekema have classified Adventism as a sectarian group on the basis of its atypical doctrines, [18] [19] it has been accepted as more mainstream by Protestant evangelicals since its meetings and discussions with evangelicals in the s. Later on Martin planned to write a new book on Seventh-day Adventism, with the assistance of Kenneth R. An Updated Assessment of Seventh-day Adventism", which upholds Martin's view "for that segment of Adventism which holds to the position stated in QOD , and further expressed in the Evangelical Adventist movement of the last few decades.

White 's status as a modern-day prophet has also been criticized. In the Questions on Doctrine era, evangelicals expressed concern about Adventism's understanding of the relationship of White's writings to the inspired canon of Scripture. A common criticism of Ellen White, widely popularized by Walter T. Rea , Ronald Numbers and others, is the claim of plagiarism from other authors.

Ramik, was engaged to undertake a study of Ellen G. White's writings during the early s, and concluded that they were "conclusively unplagiaristic". The ensuing project became known as the " 'Life of Christ' Research Project". The results are available at the General Conference Archives. Coon, [] David J.

Denis Fortin, [] [] King and Morgan, [] and Morgan, [] among others, undertook the refutation of the accusations of plagiarism. At the conclusion of his report, Ramik states:. It is impossible to imagine that the intention of Ellen G. White, as reflected in her writings and the unquestionably prodigious efforts involved therein, was anything other than a sincerely motivated and unselfish effort to place the understandings of Biblical truths in a coherent form for all to see and comprehend.

Most certainly, the nature and content of her writings had but one hope and intent, namely, the furthering of mankind's understanding of the word of God. Considering all factors necessary in reaching a just conclusion on this issue, it is submitted that the writings of Ellen G. White were conclusively unplagiaristic.

Finally, critics have alleged that certain Adventist beliefs and practices are exclusivist in nature and point to the Adventist claim to be the " remnant church ", and the traditional Protestant association of Roman Catholicism as " Babylon ". In response to such criticisms, Adventist theologians have stated that the doctrine of the remnant does not preclude the existence of genuine Christians in other denominations, but is concerned with institutions. We fully recognize the heartening fact that a host of true followers of Christ are scattered all through the various churches of Christendom, including the Roman Catholic communion.

These God clearly recognizes as His own. Such do not form a part of the "Babylon" portrayed in the Apocalypse. God has children, many of them, in the Protestant churches, and a large number in the Catholic churches, who are more true to obey the light and to do [to] the very best of their knowledge than a large number among Sabbathkeeping Adventists who do not walk in the light.

In addition to the ministries and institutions which are formally administered by the denomination, numerous para-church organizations and independent ministries exist.

These include various health centers and hospitals, publishing and media ministries, and aid organizations. A number of independent ministries have been established by groups within the Adventist church who hold a theologically distinct position or wish to promote a specific message, such as Hope International which have strained relationship with the official church, which has expressed concerns that such ministries may threaten Adventist unity.

Throughout the history of the denomination, there have been a number of groups who have left the church and formed their own movements. Conradi and certain European church leaders during the war, who decided that it was acceptable for Adventists to take part in war.

Those who were opposed to this stand and who refused to join the war were declared "disfellowshipped" by the local Church leaders at the time. When the Church leaders from the General Conference came and admonished the local European leaders after the war to try to heal the damage, and bring the members together, it met with resistance from those who had suffered under those leaders.

Their attempts at reconciliation failed after the war, the group became organized as a separate church at a conference held July 14—20, The movement officially incorporated in In , the mainstream church again looking to resolve what the German leaders had done, apologized for its failures during World War II expressing that they " 'deeply regret' any participation in or support of Nazi activities during the war by the German and Austrian leadership of the church.

This formed as the result of a schism within the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Europe during World War I over the position its European church leaders took in having members join the military or on the keeping of the Sabbath. The group remains active today in the former republics of the Soviet Union.

Well known but distant offshoots are the Davidian Seventh-day Adventist organization and the Branch Davidians , themselves a schism within the larger Davidian movement. A succession dispute after Houteff's death in led to the formation of generally two groups, the original Davidians and the Branches. Later, another ex-Adventist, David Koresh , led the Branch Davidians until he died in the siege at the group's headquarters near Waco, Texas.

Together, we provide our clients with solutions that reflect new ways of thinking and operating in the clinical research industry.

Both companies were founded more than a decade ago to address high failure rates of clinical trials of psychotropic drugs, the efficacy of which are measured with subjective ratings susceptible to biases, variability and error. MedAvante pioneered Central Ratings, an unconventional solution built on the novel idea of having a small highly calibrated cohort of expert raters administer clinical outcome assessments remotely.

ProPhase became a global provider of measurement-related specialty solutions in clinical trials by focusing on optimizing the selection, use, and analysis of behavioral endpoints to mitigate trial risk and maximize the likelihood of study success.

As Central Ratings gained acceptance in large global studies, MedAvante replaced the paper-based rating scales its own clinicians were using by developing a digital platform to administer clinical outcome assessments eCOA and manage electronic source eSource data, starting in MedAvante-ProPhase is committed to continuing to bring digital innovation and scientific quality to the crucially important process of collecting, managing and analyzing clinical trial data.

Litwin was named to his current position in April Before assuming his current role, Dr. Litwin was President of Litwin Consulting LLC and he also co-developed and launched Patient Genesis, an innovative software platform used by health care providers to create, share and transfer knowledge to patients during the informed consent process.

For more than 14 years, Dr. He served for more than three years as CEO of ERT, leading the then public company in a private equity acquisition via leveraged buyout in Earlier in his career, Dr.

Litwin earned his M. Steve Herne, an experienced sales and business development executive in both technology and services, joined MedAvante-Prophase as Chief Commercial Officer in July with overall responsibility for sales and marketing.

Prior to his appointment, he was Chief Commercial Officer, eHealth Solutions at Bioclinica, a provider of clinical trial management solutions. Herne began his career as a Senior Research Scientist for Inveresk Research before moving to a business development position at Quintiles and then returned to Inveresk as Senior Business Development Manager. In that position, he led the planning and implementation of a finance reorganization process.

Downing also lent support to responsibility, strategy, capital investment, expansion and financial training. In addition, he led a team responsible for the overall financial health of projects, including profitability, revenue recognition, cash flow, invoicing, and financial training for project managers and their teams.

Before joining Covance, Mr. Greg Barrett leads worldwide software and platform development for MedAvante-ProPhase, supporting clinical science and signal detection capabilities. He joined the company in April , bringing 30 years of information technology experience.

In his role as Global IT Leader for Covance, he oversaw team members supporting five business units with applications, architecture, business engagement and computer systems validation.

As Vice President of Regulatory and Quality Assurance since she has been responsible for evaluating activities of regulatory significance and ensuring that quality standards and regulatory requirements are implemented and maintained throughout the organization while leading audit teams in successful completion of more than 60 customer audits without a single significant finding.

Widely recognized for her achievements in organizational leadership, Ms. Wilmer is often sought for advice and collaboration and asked to share her expertise with professionals worldwide through networking and consulting. Wilmer worked for more than 20 years in health care where she developed expertise in regulation interpretation. At Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey, she successfully developed and managed health care policies and administrative procedures to ensure compliance with regulatory agencies and other standards for a network of over 10, providers.

She has developed recruitment, contracting, and retention strategies for employees, physicians, and ancillary providers. He also has a strong background and interest in psychometrics and neurocognitive assessment, having worked for over 20 years as a consultant on test development, including the revisions of the Wechsler intelligence and memory scales.

Randolph is Clinical Professor of Neurology and Director of the Neuropsychology service at Loyola University Medical Center and is board-certified in clinical neuropsychology. Before joining MedAvante-ProPhase in July , he held the position External Clinical Innovation Leader at Roche, where he was responsible for developing, integrating and operationalizing strategic innovations throughout drug development. Prior to that post, he was Vice President, Project Management, Americas for the clinical research organization PRA HealthSciences, leading a team of clinical research professionals covering all therapeutic areas.

He also held senior project management and operations posts at Worldwide Clinical Trials, Inc. Cioffi holds the B. Detke is a psychiatrist with more than 20 years of research experience and extensive clinical and drug development expertise. This role included registration and regulatory commitment trials for Cymbalta, including major depressive disorder, diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain, generalized anxiety disorder, fibromyalgia and chronic pain, as well as pediatric trials.

Detke teaches and supervises medical students and residents as Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at Indiana University School of Medicine. He trained in medicine and psychiatry at Harvard Medical School and at the Mt. Detke has published more than 60 manuscripts in peer-reviewed journals since Williams has more than 30 years of clinical research experience in both industry and academia. She is now Professor Emerita at Columbia University. Williams is well known in the field for her development of psychiatric classifications and instruments to measure psychopathology.

She is the author of more than scholarly publications and serves on the editorial boards of several psychiatric and social work journals. She has received numerous awards for her achievements and contributions in social work and psychiatry.

His research groups also led development programs for the analgesic drug tapentadol, the long-acting antipsychotic agent paliperidone palmitate, and other potential treatments for CNS disorders. Kobak is a psychologist with more than 30 years of clinical research experience in both industry and university medical settings.

Throughout his career, he has focused on clinical assessment, rater training, rating scale development and clinical trials methodology. Kobak founded the consultancy Research Training Associates, where he developed new methodologies for training and calibrating raters in clinical trials using digital technologies. Kobak managed a clinical trials unit and pioneered the use of computer-administered rating scales in clinical trials. He authored computer-administered versions of several clinician-administered rating scales, including depression and anxiety scales that are widely used today, and a computer-administered version of the PRIME-MD, a diagnostic interview that was published in JAMA.

Kobak received several NIMH grants to develop and study rater training methodology for depression, schizophrenia, and autism. Negash serves as the scientific lead bridging research and operations to ensure MedAvante-ProPhase clinical trial services are implemented successfully from a scientific and service delivery perspective. Her work has focused on investigating factors associated with successful cognitive aging, including lifestyle factors such as cognitive activity, and on developing interventions that enhance cognitive fitness in older adults.

She also studies successful cognitive aging in minority populations, particularly African-Americans. Her other area of work focuses on examining implicit and explicit learning and memory systems in healthy aging and in mild cognitive impairment. Kane has been the principal investigator for research projects focusing on schizophrenia, psychobiolgy and treatment, recovery, and improving quality and cost of care. He is the author of over peer-reviewed papers and serves on the editorial boards of numerous journals.

Sue Vallow is a patient-reported outcomes PRO scientist with more than 20 years of experience developing and implementing patient-focused outcomes strategies and capabilities in numerous therapeutic areas with a specialty in CNS trials. She is a co-author of more than 20 peer-reviewed papers and more than 70 research posters and presentations. Sofija Jovic is focused on the strategic combination of MedAvante-ProPhase as the thought leader in using measurement science and data quality to transform clinical trials.

Jovic guided the transformation from a four-person start-up to a global industry leader in collaboration with ProPhase founder Dr. Jovic started her career as a clinical psychologist: And, each week you get bonus points—which, when I did Weight Watchers in my last go-round, I banked and then pigged out on Friday nights.

Just Ben, Jerry, and me. Anyway, the idea of points is smart, easy, and doable. And I mean not just parking further away from the store entrance. Get your heart rate up and keep it up with fat-burning, good-for-your-heart exercise. I swim albeit not enough. You can walk, run, jog, row, climb, spin, bike, step, jump, skip, kick—you get the idea.

And do it at least 30 minutes every day—or at least most days of the week—as best as you can fit in your already ridiculously hectic life. Actually, make it your time; take 30 minutes, put headphones on, and do it. And, it turns out, even during the most seemingly mundane of tasks, you earn FitPoints which you add to your total points for the day. FitPoints is also a smart idea. Weight Watchers explains it this way:.

FIT is about getting back in touch with your body. Weight Watchers has several dozen videos, workouts, demos, fitness plans, and challenges. And all of this can be managed on a handy, popular app. The Weight Watchers mobile app for smartphones and devices helps dieters to track weight loss progress, manage SmartPoints and FitPoints, shop for and plan meals, and offers social networking with other members.

Every step you take, every bite you eat, kept track of. The mobile app for Android has almost , reviews on Google Play with an overall rating of 4. Reviewers find it easy to use, convenient, and it helps dieters stay on track. Similarly, on iTunes, more than 2, real people reviewed the current iteration of the app and gave it a close to 5 stars.

Even the previous versions of the app—with 12, reviews—agreed it was effective, easy to use, and helped Weight Watchers dieters keep track. On the Weight Watchers app you can live chat with a coach and—for a lot of people who are focused on the fitness in the program and want a fuller health-tech experience—toggle to the Activity tab to your track activeness. And if you have an Apple Watch, wireless scales, and an activity tracker—like Up by Jawbone or Apple Health, for example—you can connect them to your Weight Watchers account.

Along with Weight Watchers online, a virtual and brick-and-mortar support network yes, there are still meetings, absolutely! W hat does Weight Watchers cost? A little secret from me: Once you have done Weight Watchers, you know how to do Weight Watchers—so as some say, you can do it without paying. Remember I said that accountability, motivation, community, and support are the secrets to Weight Watchers? In fact, Weight Watchers itself—even in this day and age where everything is online—recommends the plan you go with is the one with meetings: But, as of fall of , there are three plans:.

Just read the fine print. If you follow it. If you fall off the tracks, you just get back on. When I did my first round with Weight Watchers, I lost 4 pounds the first week and I have to tell you, I remember that day like it was yesterday.

I stuck with it for 11 more weeks and ended up dropping 23 pounds. But it can work for you. We chubbies will do anything, try anything , to lose weight!

I can say that: Just the facts, and the facts are that Weight Watchers ticks most of the good boxes— most being the operative word there.

The study found that. Further, high usage of 3 access modes was associated with greater weight loss results. In other words, the meetings, the online support, the App, all make a big difference. British journal The Lancet published a study which followed several hundred people for a year; half on a diet recommended by their doctor and the other half on Weight Watchers.

The majority of the participants on Weight Watchers stuck to the diet and lost twice as much weight as the doctor-diet group. Finally, the American Diabetes Association has studied Weight Watchers and found that meeting attendance combined with an emphasis on healthy eating—including veggies, fruit and high-fiber, low trans-fat foods—makes it a good commercial diet choice with better, and healthier, results. How about Weight Watchers reviews? A picture is worth a thousand words, and for me the before-and-after of performer Jennifer Hudson is all you need to see to know Weight Watchers works.

She lost 80 pounds. And though she ended her relationship with the company after about four years, she lost the equivalent weight of a healthy year-old and said in interviews that Weight Watchers changed her life. What each of these has in common, too, is that all successfully lost quite a bit of weight on Weight Watchers, and in the case of most—if not all—have kept the weight off, in some cases for years.

But what about regular people? The most candid and compelling review I located was posted on SparkPeople. So my humble opinion on WW, I believe it works great if you stick with it. She said while on Weight Watchers she ate a lot of high-fiber foods, a lot of vegetables, lean meats and fish, light breads, fruit and drank a lot of water. I would like to lose 76 pounds. I know this woman. I am this woman.