Taking whey protein also appears to improve running speed and recovery from exercise in untrained adults. In overweight teens, drinking a whey protein beverage for 12 weeks seems to increase weight and body mass index BMI. But it does not appear to improve running speed or recovery in trained athletes. Nutritional support and quality of life in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD patients. An experimental and clinical evaluation.
1. Peanut butter and jelly protein shake
Australasian Journal on Ageing ;26 4: Effects of a protein preload on gastric emptying, glycemia, and gut hormones after a carbohydrate meal in diet-controlled type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care ;32 9: Controlled trial of a few foods diet in severe atopic dermatitis. Nutritional content of few foods diet in atopic dermatitis.
A whey-supplemented, high-protein diet versus a high-carbohydrate diet: Int J Sport Nutr Exerc. Oxidative stress biomarkers in mitochondrial myopathies, basally and after cysteine donor supplementation. Lactoferrin and prevention of late-onset sepsis in the pre-term neonates. Effects of a dietary and environmental prevention programme on the incidence of allergic symptoms in high atopic risk infants: Milk-derived proteins and minerals alter serum osteocalcin in prepubertal boys after 7 days.
Nutr Res ;30 8: Whey protein rich in alpha-lactalbumin increases the ratio of plasma tryptophan to the sum of the other large neutral amino acids and improves cognitive performance in stress-vulnerable subjects. The bovine protein alpha-lactalbumin increases the plasma ratio of tryptophan to the other large neutral amino acids, and in vulnerable subjects raises brain serotonin activity, reduces cortisol concentration, and improves mood under stress.
Am J Clin Nutr ;71 6: Dairy proteins protect against dimethylhydrazine-induced intestinal cancers in rats. J Nutr ; 4: Is prevention of atopic eczema with hydrolyzed formulas cost-effective? A health economic evaluation from Germany. Effects of long-term supplementation with whey proteins on plasma glutathione levels of HIV-infected patients.
J Nutr ;41 1: Oral supplementation with whey proteins increases plasma glutathione levels of HIV-infected patients. J Clin Invest ;31 2: The effects of a higher protein intake during energy restriction on changes in body composition and physical function in older women. Milk and growth in children: Acta Physiol Oxf ; View abstract. Differential stimulation of myofibrillar and sarcoplasmic protein synthesis with protein ingestion at rest and after resistance exercise.
J Physiol ; Pt 4: Features of whey protein concentrate supplementation in children with rapidly progressive HIV infection. Comparison of different sources and degrees of hydrolysis of dietary protein: Differential effects of protein quality on postprandial lipemia in response to a fat-rich meal in type 2 diabetes: Am J Clin Nutr ;90 1: Effects of resistance training and protein supplementation on bone turnover in young adult women.
Nutr Metab Lond ;2: Protein consumption following aerobic exercise increases whole-body protein turnover in older adults. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab ;35 5: Modification of the furanacryloyl-L-phenylalanylglycylglycine assay for determination of angiotensin-I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity. L-amino acid oxidase plays a crucial role in host defense in the mammary glands.
Effect of skimmed milk and its fractions on the inactivation of Escherichia coli K12 by high hydrostatic pressure treatment. Int J Food Microbiol. Nutrient supplementation post ambulation in persons with incomplete spinal cord injuries: Cow's milk-specific cellular and humoral immune responses and atopy skin symptoms in infants from atopic families fed a partially pHF or extensively eHF hydrolyzed infant formula.
Metabolic effects of amino acid mixtures and whey protein in healthy subjects: Am J Clin Nutr ;85 4: Whey feeding suppresses the measurement of oxidative stress in experimental burn injury. Surg Today ;36 4: Formulas containing hydrolysed protein for prevention of allergy and food intolerance in infants.
Differential stimulation of muscle protein synthesis in elderly humans following isocaloric ingestion of amino acids or whey protein. Acute effects of whey protein isolate on blood pressure, vascular function and inflammatory markers in overweight postmenopausal women. J Nutr ; The acute effects of four protein meals on insulin, glucose, appetite and energy intake in lean men. Br J Nutr ; 8: The chronic effects of whey proteins on blood pressure, vascular function, and inflammatory markers in overweight individuals.
Effects of whey protein isolate on body composition, lipids, insulin and glucose in overweight and obese individuals. Br J Nutr ; 5: Acute effects of whey protein isolate on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight, post-menopausal women.
Immune modulation in suckling rat pups by a growth factor extract derived from milk whey. J Dairy Res ;68 4: A whey protein supplement decreases post-prandial glycemia. Treatment for mitochondrial disorders. The science of muscle hypertrophy: Angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory properties of whey protein digests: J Dairy Res ;67 1: Effects of whey peptides on cardiovascular disease risk factors. Nutritional support and quality of life in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD patients.
Clin Nutr ;24 3: Influence of breast milk, soy or two hydrolyzed formulas on the development of allergic manifestations in infants at risk. Nutr Res ;18 A high-protein, moderate-energy, regular cheesy snack is energetically compensated in human subjects. Br J Nutr ; 4: XPL in the treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis: XPl in the treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis: Med Surg ;10 5: A comparison with cows milk].
Med J ;64 Whey acidic proteins WAPs: Whey and casein labeled with L-[C]leucine and muscle protein synthesis: Am J Physiol Endocrinol. Dairy components and risk factors for cardiometabolic syndrome: Ultrasound imaging of fasciitis due to body-building supplement.
Am J Med Sci ; 3: Long-term effects of hydrolyzed protein infant formulas on growth--extended follow-up to 10 y of age: Nutr ;94 6 Suppl: Improvement of the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of camel and bovine whey proteins by limited proteolysis.
The effects of glutathione enhancement on sensorineural hearing loss. Ear Nose Throat J ;89 9: Evaluation of high-protein supplementation in weight-stable HIV-positive subjects with a history of weight loss: Am J Clin Nutr ;88 5: Whey- vs casein-based enteral formula and gastrointestinal function in children with cerebral palsy. Enteral Nutr ;36 1 Suppl: Memory function in women with premenstrual complaints and the effect of serotonergic stimulation by acute administration of an alpha-lactalbumin protein.
J Psychopharmacol ;19 4: Increased tumor necrosis factor alpha TNF-alpha and natural killer cell NK function using an integrative approach in late stage cancers. Changes in antioxidant status and cardiovascular risk factors of overweight young men after six weeks supplementation of whey protein isolate and resistance training.
Effect of nutritional supplementation with milk whey proteins in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients. The effects of a pre-workout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, and amino acids during three weeks of high-intensity exercise on aerobic and anaerobic performance. J Int Soc Sports Nutr ;7: Plasma amino acid responses after consumption of beverages with varying protein type.
Differences in satiety effects of alginate- and whey protein-based foods. Dietary whey protein lessens several risk factors for metabolic diseases: Nutr Metab ;59 Suppl 1: Seances Soc Biol Fil. Cost-effectiveness of partially-hydrolyzed formula for prevention of atopic dermatitis in Australia. Effect of anti-inflammatory supplementation with whey peptide and exercise therapy in patients with COPD. Curr Med Res Opin. Slow versus fast proteins in the stimulation of beta-cell response and the activation of the entero-insular axis in type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev. Testing of nutritional supplement for wasting. Dietary management of intestinal lymphangiectasia complicated by short gut syndrome.
Hum Nutr Appl Nutr ;40 2: Ingestion of casein and whey proteins result in muscle anabolism after resistance exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. Milk basic protein promotes bone formation and suppresses bone resorption in healthy adult men.
Intact protein versus free amino acids in the nutritional support of thermally injured animals. Enteral Nutr ;10 2: The effect of hypoallergenic formula on the occurrence of allergic diseases in high risk infants.
Zhonghua Min Guo Xiao. Milk basic protein increases bone mineral density and improves bone metabolism in healthy young women. Bovine antibody-enriched whey to aid in the prevention of a relapse of Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea: Rapid detection and identification of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors by on-line liquid chromatography-biochemical detection, coupled to electrospray mass spectrometry.
The effect of free glutamine and peptide ingestion on the rate of muscle glycogen resynthesis in man. Muscle glycogen resynthesis during recovery from cycle exercise: J Appl Physiol ;88 5: Atopy at 3 years in high-risk infants fed whey hydrolysate or conventional formula. Preliminary data on a field study with a new hypo-allergic formula. Eur J Pediatr ; 3: The long-term effect of a partial whey hydrolysate formula on the prophylaxis of atopic disease.
Eur J Pediatr ; 6: Short-term prevention of cow's milk protein allergy in infants. Immunology and Allergy Practice ;11 Dose-dependent satiating effect of whey relative to casein or soy. Physiol Behav ;96 A quantitative in silico analysis calculates the angiotensin I converting enzyme ACE inhibitory activity in pea and whey protein digests. Optimisation and validation of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition assay for the screening of bioactive peptides.
Release of angiotensin I converting enzyme ACE inhibitory activity during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion: Preventive effect of hydrolyzed infant formulas persists until age 6 years: J Allergy Clin Immunol. Certain hydrolyzed formulas reduce the incidence of atopic dermatitis but not that of asthma: The effect of hydrolyzed cow's milk formula for allergy prevention in the first year of life: The influence of 8 weeks of whey-protein and leucine supplementation on physical and cognitive performance.
In vitro generation and stability of the lactokinin beta-lactoglobulin fragment J Dairy Sci ;87 Nutritional therapy of chronic hepatitis by whey protein non-heated. Nutrition and muscle protein synthesis: Whey protein supplementation does not affect exercise training-induced changes in body composition and indices of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged overweight and obese adults. J Nutr ; 8: Cholestatic liver injury associated with whey protein and creatine supplements.
Autocrine regulation of milk secretion by a protein in milk. J ; Pt 1: Influence of hypoallergenic milk formula on the incidence of early allergic manifestations in infants predisposed to atopic diseases.
Ann Allergy ;71 2: Effects of resistance training and protein plus amino acid supplementation on muscle anabolism, mass, and strength. Effect of injury and infection on visceral metabolism and circulation.
Ann Surg ; 4: The farm effect, or: Purification and characterization of an antihypertensive peptide from a yogurt-like product fermented by Lactobacillus helveticus CPN4.
J Dairy Sci ;82 7: The safety of whey protein concentrate derived from the milk of cows immunized against Clostridium difficile. Proposed role of calcium and dairy food components in weight management and metabolic health. Lowering effect of dietary milk-whey protein v. Br J Nutr ;70 1: Protein absorption depends on load-dependent inhibition of intestinal transit in dogs. Am J Clin Nutr ;64 3: Acute versus chronic effects of whey proteins on calcium absorption in growing rats.
The effects of a two-year randomized, controlled trial of whey protein supplementation on bone structure, IGF-1, and urinary calcium excretion in older postmenopausal women. Prevention of peroxidative stress in rats fed on a low vitamin E-containing diet by supplementing with a fermented bovine milk whey preparation: Evaluation of milk basic protein supplementation on bone density and bone metabolism in Chinese young women.
J Nutr ;48 5: Timed-daily ingestion of whey protein and exercise training reduces visceral adipose tissue mass and improves insulin resistance: J Appl Physiol ; 1: Betaine, ethanol, and the liver, a review. Anti-HIV and anti-apoptotic activity of the whey protein concentrate: A whey protein-based multi-ingredient nutritional supplement stimulates gains in lean body mass and strength in healthy older men: A randomized controlled trial.
Whey protein concentrates with and without immunoglobulins: J Med Food ;3: A high-whey-protein diet reduces body weight gain and alters insulin sensitivity relative to red meat in Wister rats. Whey proteins as a food supplement in HIV-seropositive individuals. Clin Invest Med ; Whey proteins in cancer prevention. Glycomacropeptide GMP is not critical to whey-induced satiety, but may have a unique role in energy intake regulation through cholecystokinin CCK.
Physiol Behav ;93 Effect of whey and soy protein supplementation combined with resistance training in young adults. Supplementing breakfast with a Vitamin D and leucine-enriched whey protein medical nutrition drink enhances postprandial muscle protein synthesis and muscle mass in healthy older men. This protein shake from Tarladalal.
Fresh apples are a great fruit option for anyone concerned about their blood sugar levels. Frozen strawberries, half of a small banana, and almond extract add flavor. This icy smoothie from Sugar-Free Mom takes care of your chocolate cravings. Instead of adding strawberries and bananas to a bowl of boring oatmeal, blend them with yogurt, almond milk, and a little Stevia. The result is a protein-rich smoothie from Diabetics Rejoice! The recipe calls for PaleoFiber powder, but you can also substitute chia seeds or flaxseed meal.
Berries are nothing short of antioxidant superfoods. They contain a type of natural sugar known as fructose. The main ingredients in this slushy protein smoothie by DaVita are whey protein powder and frozen blueberries, raspberries, strawberries, and blackberries.
Liquid flavor enhancer is also added. It appears vitamin D can help prevent gum disease, an ailment that can increase the risk of diabetes. Researchers aren't sure yet how the three are…. However, the odds of contacting the illness are still low. Researchers say aldosterone can cause high blood pressure and may also impair insulin secretion in the pancreas.
New study finds infant's blood cells can be affected by mom's diabetes. If you have diabetes, daily self-exams and annual professional evaluations of your feet are crucial. High blood sugar can damage nerves and lead to…. More than 30 million U. Through education and outreach, there are a number of organizations and initiatives that are working…. In people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, olive oil may improve glucose metabolism. Increasing dietary fiber , especially insoluble fiber from cereal and grains, is associated with a reduced risk of diabetes and has been shown to reduce fasting blood glucose and modestly lower HbA1c in people with type 2 diabetes Martin, J Nutr ; Post,J Am Board Fam Med In people with type 1 diabetes, 50 grams of dietary fiber per day has been shown to significantly improve blood sugar control and reduce hypoglycemic events Giacco, Diabetes Care The American Dietetic Association states that "diets providing 30 to 50 g fiber per day from whole food sources consistently produce lower serum glucose levels compared to a low-fiber diet.
Ginseng , both American and Korean Red ginseng from Panax ginseng , may reduce blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, according to preliminary research. Drinking whey protein before a high glycemic meal may help to lessen increases in blood sugar after the meal in people with well-controlled type 2 diabetes.
Silymarin, a component of milk thistle , may decrease blood sugar and hemoglobin A1c in people with type 2 diabetes, and reduce insulin resistance in people with coexisting diabetes and alcoholic cirrhosis. Inulin, a type of prebiotic , may improve measures of blood sugar control in women with type 2 diabetes, although it did not improve blood sugar levels or insulin resistance in a study of prediabetic men and women.
Berberine a compound found in plants such as barberry , Oregon grape and goldenseal may reduce blood sugar levels in people with metabolic syndrome or type 2 diabetes, according to a few small studies. Fenugreek may help to lower blood sugar, according to preliminary studies, and one study found fenugreek extract to significantly improve some measures of blood sugar control and insulin response in people with type 2 diabetes.
D-ribose , often promoted for energy or sports performance, may also lower blood sugar levels Fenstad, Internet J Nutr Wellness White mulberry Moruns alba or Morus indica has been traditionally used in Asia to help treat type 2 diabetes, and there is some preliminary evidence to support this use. Mulberry leaf extract species not given may lessen increases in blood sugar after ingestion of table sugar in healthy people and people with type 2 diabetes Mudra, Diabetes Care There is mixed evidence as to whether CoQ10 may lower blood sugar.
To be safe, people with diabetes or who take medication to lower blood sugar should consult a physician before using. Preliminary evidence suggests certain other supplements, including aloe , ashwagandha , ginkgo , green coffee bean extract , glucosamine , black cohosh , rhodiola , reishi mushroom and tart cherry juice may lower blood sugar. While there is not enough clinical research to support the use of these supplements for this purpose, it's important to keep this in mind, as they could enhance the blood sugar lowering effect of other supplements or medications you may be taking.
CLA conjugated linoleic acid , a popular supplement for slimming, may worsen blood sugar control in diabetics and in obese people without diabetes.
Also note that high doses of vitamin C may increase blood sugar or interfere with certain blood sugar tests. I am having trouble sleeping. I regularly take a multivitamin, fish oil, magnesium, calcium, vitamins D and K, and a protein supplement. I also take a low-dose blood pressure medication. Could any of these supplements be causing my insomnia? Among these supplements, vitamin D seems the most likely cause.
Multivitamins , fish oil , magnesium , calcium , vitamin K and protein supplements are not generally known to cause insomnia. High doses of vitamin D, as well as high blood levels of vitamin D have been associated a deterioration in sleep quality — and you seem to be supplementing with both vitamin D and a multivitamin that likely provides more vitamin D.
High amounts of vitamin D may interfere with the body's production of melatonin. Be aware that beta blocker medications, such as atenolol Tenormin and metoprolol Lopressor, Toprol XL that help lower blood pressure may also lower your body's nighttime production of melatonin and interfere with sleep. A small study suggests that melatonin supplementation may improve sleep in people taking these medications. However, be aware that melatonin may increase blood pressure in people taking another type of blood pressure lowering medication.
Does soy affect the risk of breast cancer or prostate cancer? The relationship between soy or soy isoflavone intake and the risk of breast cancer and prostate cancer is not clear-cut. Soy contains compounds called phytoestrogens , such as isoflavones, which have weak estrogen-like activity.
Soy and soy isoflavones may have varying effects depending on age, estrogen status and type of cancer. In women, high soy consumption early in life may help to lower the risk of breast cancer but there is concern that high doses of isoflavones may not be safe in women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer and may also slightly increase the risk of uterine cancer.
In men, higher soy intakes are generally associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer, but higher intakes of soy isoflavones are associated with an increased risk of advanced prostate cancer. Also see the Encyclopedia article about Soy Isoflavones. I do moderate exercise for about an hour a few times a week. Which supplements might help me? When working out, nutritional needs to consider include hydration and electrolytes, energy, and protein.
As long as you are fairly healthy and eating a balanced diet, if you work out for an hour, you only need water to recover; you don't need an "electrolyte" supplement. This was shown in a study which compared water to coconut water and a rehydration sports drink as discussed in the Coconut Waters Review.
Only when doing strenuous exercise for long periods of time i. However, after a long-period of strenuous exercise, a drink or food which provides some sugar energy may help restore blood sugar levels.
Extra protein from a powder or drink can help athletes build muscle and older people prevent or reverse age-related loss of muscle strength when used in conjunction with resistance -type exercise such as free weights, weight machines, resistance bands, or your own body weight — as with squats.
If you are not doing resistance-type exercise, extra protein won't help. Evidence for Other Supplements: Branched-chain Amino Acids BCAAs may help reduce muscle breakdown during exercise and reduce soreness from long-distance intense exercise, but BCAAs do not appear to have performance-enhancing effects. BCAAs may reduce muscle loss due to inactivity, such as around the time of knee surgery. Creatine may improve muscle strength and endurance during repeated high-intensity exercise of short duration, such as weight lifting and sprinting.
It is not of benefit in purely aerobic exercises. Curcumin from turmeric has reduced muscle soreness due to intense exercise in some studies, but not all. Fish oil has been shown to help increase strength from training in women but not in men.
For details see the Fish Oil Supplements Review. Vitamin D supplementation helps increase strength from training among people deficient in vitamin D. However, among people who are not deficient, supplementing with vitamin D may reduce the benefits of exercise.