About the Endocrine System

Health Issues

What is the Endocrine System?
It is not meant to diagnose medical conditions, to treat any medical conditions or to prescribe medicine. Simply put, the endocrine system is a network of glands that secrete chemicals called hormones to help your body function properly. The production and release of thyroid hormones is controlled by thyrotropin pronounced: Growth hormone releasing hormone GHRH. And you might lose weight without trying. It has a right and left lobe.

Endocrine Glands and Hormones

Endocrine system

For example, there are numerous mechanisms in our bodies to regulate our internal temperature in spite of the fluctuating external temperature. In this way, our bodies maintain a stable temperature of around Negative feedback loops are a way to understand how hormone levels in the blood remain stable. If a substance falls below normal levels in the body, the corresponding endocrine gland releases more of its particular hormones.

When the substance has reached its normal levels, the endocrine gland is no longer stimulated to release extra amounts of the hormone. This negative feedback loop can be easily compared to a house with electric heat regulated by a thermostat. The thermostat is programmed to keep the house at a particular temperature.

If the temperature inside the house becomes too cold, the heat kicks in to warm it up. Once the desired temperature has been met, the heat turns off. There are two main groups of endocrine system hormones: Endocrine system diseases usually involve hypERsecretion too much of hormones or hypOsecretion too low of hormones.

The organs of the endocrine system are made up of ductless glands. The glands of the endocrine system play a major role in maintaining homeostasis throughout the body. They are responsible for secreting endocrine system hormones. Hypothalamus The hypothalamus gland is located above the brain stem in the center of the skull.

This important endocrine system gland links the nervous system with the endocrine system via the pituitary gland.

It is responsible for regulating a variety of functions throughout the body, including body temperature, fatigue, circadian rhythms, hunger and thirst. It controls almost all of the internal organs. You can think of it as the major control center for the autonomic nervous system. Pineal body The pineal gland is a small cone-shaped gland about the size of a pea and found in the brain.

It secretes the hormone melatonin, which aids our sleep cycle. Pituitary The pituitary gland is connected to the hypothalamus gland by a short stalk.

It consists of two lobes and each lobe has different functions. This tiny gland plays a major role in many of the functions of the human body. Hormones and neural impulses from the hypothalamus directly influence the hormones secreted by the pituitary gland. Thyroid The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland found in front of the trachea on the front of the neck. These chemical messengers play a key role in making sure your body works the way it should.

If your endocrine system isn't healthy, you might have problems developing during puberty, getting pregnant , or managing stress. You also might gain weight easily, have weak bones, or lack energy because too much sugar stays in your blood instead of moving into your cells where it's needed for energy. Many different glands make up the endocrine system. The hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and pineal gland are your brain. The thyroid and parathyroid glands are in your neck.

The thymus is between your lungs, the adrenals are on top of your kidneys, and the pancreas is behind your stomach. Your ovaries if you're a woman or testes if you're a man are in your pelvic region. This organ connects your endocrine system with your nervous system. Its main job is to tell your pituitary gland to start or stop making hormones. This is the "master" gland of your endocrine system. It uses information it gets from your brain to "tell" other glands in your body what to do.

It makes many different important hormones, including growth hormone; prolactin, which helps breastfeeding moms make milk; and luteinizing hormone, which manages estrogen in women and testosterone in men. This gland makes a chemical called melatonin. It helps your body get ready to go to sleep. This gland makes thyroid hormone, which controls your metabolism. If this gland doesn't make enough a condition called hypothyroidism , everything happens more slowly.

Consider the following hormones and their role in the workings of the endocrine system:. Controls key functions in the body; acts as an anti-inflammatory; maintains blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and muscle strength; regulates salt and water balance.

Controls blood pressure, both directly and also by regulating aldosterone production from the adrenal glands. Affects development of female sexual characteristics and reproductive development, important for functioning of uterus and breasts; also helps protect bone health.

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The Endocrine System’s Link to the Nervous System